A study of traumatic brain injuries in teenagers recently released by the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia points to automobile crashes as the leading cause for head trauma among youths. For many years, car crashes have been the leading cause of death for teenagers, killing almost five times as many youngsters between the ages of 15 and 19 years as cancer or poisoning.
The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia looked at the data from accidents in which more than 55,000 teenagers and their passengers resulted injured during 2009 and 2010. The study found that about 30 percent of these teen drivers suffered head injuries such as concussions, contusions and skull fractures. A concussion is an injury to the head that may cause the victim to lose awareness or alertness anywhere from a few minutes to a few hours after the traumatic event. On the other hand, a contusion is a bruise to the brain that causes bleeding and swelling inside of the brain around the area where the head was struck.
A skull fracture is a break in the skull bone. There are four different kinds of skull fractures and their severity varies depending on the type:
- Linear skull fractures, which consist of a break in the bone without it moving from its place and account for about 70 percent of skull fractures. In these cases the patients are usually kept under observation at the hospital for a brief period and allowed to continue with their normal daily activities in a few days, without a need for surgery.
- Depressed skull fractures are those where a part of the skull is actually sunken in from the trauma, which is why it typically requires surgery to correct the deformity.
- Diastatic skull fractures are the fractures that occur along the suture lines or areas between the bones in the head that fuse when a child grows.
- Basilar skull fractures are the worst kinds of skull fracture because they consist of a break at the base of the skull. Typically, victims suffering this type of fracture have bruises around their eyes and a bruise behind their ear. Also, a tear to part of the covering of the brain might have occurred, causing the victim to drain a clear fluid through the nose or ears. These cases require close attention in the hospital.
A Common Brain Injury: Bruising
Whiplash, a very common injury in motor vehicle accidents, can cause a bruise to the brain and damage the internal tissue and blood vessels by making the brain bounce back and forth inside the skull.
This is also a very common way for soldiers to suffer head injuries. Throughout the years, Afghani and Iraqi rebels have resorted to IEDs or Improvised Explosive Devices as a preferred mode of attacking our troops. When a bomb explodes, the shockwave passes through the skull and “throws” the brain against the walls of the skull making it, as stated above, bounce back and forth. The process is called coup-countercoup and is repeated as the victim’s body hits a wall, a vehicle or the pavement. The bruise caused by the trauma at the site of impact is called a coup lesion, while the trauma at the opposite side is called a countercoup lesion. The injury caused by these impacts may consist of a tearing of the internal lining, as well as tearing to tissues and blood vessels that may in turn cause internal bleeding, bruising or swelling of the brain.
Greenberg, Stone & Urbano Can Help
If you or a loved one have suffered a traumatic brain injury as a result of a car accident, a truck accident, an amusement park accident or as a result of any other kind of accident, you should immediately contact a law firm experienced in handling these cases.
With more than 70 years of combined experience, the lawyers of Greenberg Stone and Urbano are ready to help victims that have suffered any kind of traumatic brain injury as a result of an accident recover the compensation that may be owed them for their rehabilitation. Throughout the years, the Miami Dade County Traumatic Brain Injury Law Offices of Greenberg, Stone & Urbano have represented many clients that have suffered traumatic brain injuries.
Please note that our practice has been extended with a new satellite office in Aventura to better serve clients that reside in Ft. Lauderdale, Hollywood, Hallandale Beach, Dania & Dania Beach, Miramar, North Miami, North Miami Beach, Aventura, Miami Beach, Surfside, Sunny Isles and Miami Gardens. Visit our website to learn more about our firm and contact us today for a free consultation.