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South Florida has some of the most interesting and enticing malls in the country. However, what happens when a person goes to visit a mall and falls in one of the common areas or store fronts? Unfortunately, this situation happens every day and some of the injuries are so severe that they may irreversibly change a person’s life.

When a person has been injured in a slip and fall accident at a mall, there are many questions about who was responsible and who is liable for the harm that the fall victim experienced. The skilled and hardworking South Florida premises liability attorneys at Greenberg, Stone & Urbano, P.A. have spent more than 120 years, collectively, getting justice for victims of fall accidents. To compensate these victims for the harm that they suffered, our firm has negotiated settlements and won jury awards totaling tens of millions of dollars.

There are three categories that apply to people who are present on the premises of a person or business:

• Trespasser – This is a person who enters the premises without the permission of the owner, renter, or manager;
• Licensee – A person specifically is invited for a limited purpose or amount of time; or • Invitee – The individual is extended an open invitation as part of the public.
A mall is opened to members of the public. Therefore, patrons are owed a duty of care that the premises will be maintained in a reasonably safe manner.

Patrons of malls go there to find that certain item, locate the ideal gift, or simply window shop and create wish lists. What they do not expect is to encounter a dangerous condition that resulted from the negligence of those in charge of the space. The individuals or companies that own and operate the malls, and the individual store spaces within the mall, have an obligation to ensure that customers are reasonably safe within the limits of the mall property. This means that the various spaces need to be clear of dangerous hazards. In the large spaces occupied by most malls, this means that:

• The walkways and common areas must be kept free from debris, floors must be maintained without gaps, bulges, or missing tiles or carpet, and there must not be dangerous, wet, or slippery areas;
• Escalators must be maintained in good working order, without any loose or projecting equipment;
• Elevators must function smoothly, without abrupt starts or stops. In addition, they must be inspected and maintained regularly;
• Stairs and rails must be properly constructed and maintained; and • Any other dangerous condition that a reasonable owner or manager would have discovered should be corrected before it led to the accident and subsequent harm.
There are many different parties that may be liable for the harm suffered by a mall patron, including:
• The owner of the mall;
• The development or management company responsible for the mall;
• Any owners or managers of the individual retail stores on the mall property; or • The company or individuals responsible for the maintenance of the property.
It may require some investigation to determine who is ultimately responsible for the harm that the slip and fall victim suffered. In some cases, there are multiple parties who are liable for the damages.

Greenberg, Stone & Urbano, P.A. Works Hard for Slip and Fall Victims

A victim of a slip and fall accident may experience many things after the accident, including the struggle to recover from the injuries that were suffered. Many times it is difficult to know where to turn for answers. As a victim of the negligence of others, you can rely on the knowledgeable premises liability attorneys at Greenberg, Stone & Urbano, P.A to discover the solutions that you need. Our firm has more than thirty years of experience fighting for the rights of our clients. Our determination to get justice for our clients has led to an AV rating from Martindale Hubbell and a vote as a top-rated South Florida law firm by the Miami Herald. In addition, the prestigious legal society, Primerus, invited our firm to join. To schedule a time to discuss your case, please call (888) 499-9700 or (305) 595-2400 or visit our website

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When you are involved in a rear impact trucking accident, you can suffer devastating permanent injuries because of the enormous force caused by a motor vehicle that weighs up to 80,000 pounds. When an 18-wheeler rear-ends a small passenger vehicle that has stopped for a stop sign, red light or traffic congestion, driver inattention and impairment by an intoxicating substance constitute the most common causes of these crashes. Because many trucking companies use a compensation system based on the miles traveled, commercial drivers have a strong incentive to disregard hours of service (HOS) rules that are designed to reduce the risk of fatigue based trucking accidents. Sometimes commercial drivers resort to use of stimulants like methamphetamine so that they can drive longer. Our Miami trucking accident lawyers know that while driver logbooks are theoretically designed to provide a deterrent to HOS violations, drivers can frequently manipulate these records.

Because of the significant risk associated with a stoned or drunk driver operating a tractor-trailer, trucking companies are required to conduct pre-employment screening of new hires. Commercial carriers also are required to conduct random drug testing during an employee’s tenure and after a trucking collision. Unfortunately, reliance on urine testing as opposed to hair follicle testing compromises the effectiveness of substance abuse screening. Legislation is currently pending in Congress (H.R. 3403) to authorize pre-employment hair follicle tests as opposed to urine testing. The impetus behind the bipartisan bill, sponsored by Mark Pryor (D-AR) and Rick Crawford (R-AR), is that under current drug and alcohol screening rules many truck drivers pass their pre-employment urine test but fail random drug testing after they have been hired. We urge each an every reader, their families and friends to contact their elected representatives to require this testing. If passed lives will be saved and many will avoid serious injury.
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Slip and fall accidents in grocery stores, restaurants, bars, malls and on other commercial, public and residential premises are among the most misunderstood types of personal injury claims. Media sources and the insurance industry often minimize the seriousness of a slip and fall accident as more damaging to the ego than the human body. Many such depictions even suggest that fall victims’ injury claims are exaggerated or fabricated. The reality is that slip and fall accidents can cause devastating life-altering injuries. With the average age of the U.S. population growing, the high risk of permanent injury to seniors from falls caused by the failure of property owners to clean up or warrn of slippery floors poses a significant cause for concern as trip and fall hazards.

A cursory review of the data from the National Safety Council on slip and fall accidents nationally reveals that falls involving seniors are both common and serious. One in three people age 65 or older suffers a fall each year across the country. These falls cause the death of over 18,000 elderly victims annually, which is four times greater than any other age group. In addition to the high number of fatalities in slip/trip and fall accidents involving seniors, there are many more seniors who suffer debilitating injuries like hip fractures and traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) that cause permanent impaired physical and mental functioning, as well as a premature loss of independence. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, falls are the leading cause of both fatal and non-fatal injuries nationally involving those 65 and above.

Slip and fall accidents involving the elderly often occur because property owners fail to maintain their property, clean up spills or repair uneven sidewalks and driveways. Generally, commercial, public and even residential property owners (depending on the circumstances) have a duty to either clear hazards that may cause a fall or provide adequate warnings. Property management companies, landlords, tenants and others may also be liable for negligence in keeping the premises safe or warning visitors about the potential hazard.

However, slip and fall cases are fact intensive. Therefore, our Miami personal injury lawyers carefully investigates slip and fall accidents so that we can identify key facts which may include:

• Length of time hazard was present • Nature of the hazard • Efforts to clean up the substance • Employee knowledge of the presence of the unsafe condition • Prior accidents on the property related to a similar hazard • Building and safety code violations • Adequacy of lighting • Accident report • Statements of witnesses • Nature of the property commercial, residential or public • Video surveillance footage • Prior reports by patrons regarding the hazard Continue reading →

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While any motorcycle enthusiast recognizes the vulnerability of riders to the unsafe driving practices of other motorists, this may not be sufficient to discourage a rider from speeding. The power of a motorcycle is part of its allure, so it is hardly surprising that riders sometimes violate the posted speed limit. Our Miami motorcycle accident lawyers know that some injured motorcyclists presume that the fact that they received a speeding citation means that they cannot recover financial compensation for their medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering and other damages following a left turn motorcycle accident. Although the fact that a rider was speeding may impact the amount of damages recovered in a lawsuit, the speeding violation will typically not be an absolute bar to a claim.

How Insurance Companies Exploit Motorcyclists’ Speeding Violations in Left Turn Accident Lawsuits

Frequently, motorcyclists are cut off by the driver of a passenger car who violates the rider’s right of way by turning immediately in front of the rider. The rider may have no time to navigate around the passenger car or stop. Because motorists who violate a rider’s right of way in this type of accident face a substantial risk of liability, insurance companies for motorists look closely for unsafe practices by the riders, such as speeding. Because bikes moving at a higher rate of speed need more braking distance, offer fewer evasive options and collide with more force, the insurance company may argue that the accident would not have occurred had the motorcyclist been observing the speed limit. Alternatively, the carrier for the driver of the car might contend that the severity of a motorcyclist’s injuries were a function of the rider’s speeding violation.
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When someone is injured in a slip or trip and fall in a grocery store in Miami or the surrounding areas of Florida, they can suffer painful debilitating injuries, such as fractures, head injuries or back injuries. While those who fall because of a damp floor or a “transitory foreign substance” might be legally entitled to money as compensation, these cases require a careful investigation and analysis of the facts. The Florida Supreme Court defined the phrase “transitory foreign substance” in Owens v. Publix Supermarkets, Inc., 802 So.2d 315, 317 (Fla. 2001) as “any liquid or solid substance, object or item located where it does not belong.” The Owen decision essentially created a rebuttable presumption that a premises owner had failed to maintain his or her property in a reasonably safe condition if a transitory foreign substance was present on the floor. However, the law has shifted since this decision, so a skilled and experienced Miami slip and fall attorney is essential to gather the evidence to prevail in these fact intensive cases. Think of it this way. No store owner is responsible for following every customer to insure that they do not spill something which might cause another to fall. That burden is too high. But, what store owner’s must do is have a program in effect to periodically check for potentially dangerous conditions, block them off, warn about them and clean them as soon as possible.

The Florida Legislature enacted Florida Statute § 768.0755 along with other legislation shifted the evidentiary burden in slip and fall cases back to injury victims. Under Section 768.0755, slip and fall victims in cases involving transitory foreign substances must prove that the owner of the premises or party in possession had actual or constructive knowledge of the hazard. Constructive knowledge by the business may be established by the duration of time the hazard was present or the frequency of the hazardous condition, which made if foreseeable. Trained lawyers who practice in the area of fall injuries know the right questions to ask to determine if this element is present.
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With the summer weather rapidly approaching, left turn motorcycle accident season has nearly arrived. While the warm weather makes riding a motorcycle appealing, many motorists are not yet accustomed to looking out for bikes in the first few weeks of the summer. Motorcyclists must be extra vigilant when riding in the early stages of the summer while drivers of passenger cars become more accustomed to sharing the road with two-wheeled vehicles. One of the most common and dangerous types of motorcycle accident during this period is where a car or truck makes a left hand turn cutting off the path of a motorcycle.causing a crash.

A left turn accident involving a car or truck striking a motorcycle often occurs when the driver of a car, truck or SUV exits a parking lot or driveway by make left hand turns without checking adequately for approaching motorcycles. The motorcyclist often has no viable evasive maneuver to avoid a collision with the larger passenger vehicle. Predictably, the motorcyclist typically bears the brunt of the impact when cars and motorcycles collide. It is important to remember that any driver must first see a potential danger and then send a message to their brain and have the brain react. The time it takes to react is called “Reaction time.” It is critical to remember that during the period of reaction time (often 1.5-2.5 seconds,) the car, truck or SUV is moving forward without slowing or taking evasive action.

Our Miami personal injury law firm has often used “Time Sequence Analysis” to show where a vehicle was when it should have perceived a danger, how far it traveled during the “Reaction Time” (which is dependant upon speed – the faster a vehicle is going te more feet it covers in a second) and then what action was taken to avoid the collision. With this approach we have bee very successful in showing how our client’s could not have avoided impact and injury.
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Everyday people throughout Miami-Dade County and the rest of Florida make trips to supermarkets and grocery stores of all varieties and sizes. Whether you are visiting a large chain grocery store like Publix or Whole Foods or a small gas station convenience store, wet, sticky or uneven floors are a common hazard because of spilled drinks, jars that fall from shelves and water tracked in during a rainstorm.

Slip and fall lawsuits can be challenging because subtle distinctions in the evidence can have a major impact on the case in terms of proving actual or constructive knowledge of the dangerous condition or establishing that the hazard was not one that should have been obvious to a shopper. Since Miami grocery store slip and fall accident lawsuits require extensive investigation and persuasive presentation of the facts, your selection of a Florida personal injury lawyer with experience handling supermarket slip and falls can significantly impact your settlement or verdict.
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On January 20, 2014, a violent crash in southwest Miami-Dade killed three people and sent three others to the hospital. The wreck occurred at about 1:45 a.m. in the area of Southwest 144th Street and Krome Avenue. Erik Betancourt, a 19 year old, was driving southbound on Krome Avenue when he collided head on with another vehicle.

Betancourt had three passengers in the car, and the other vehicle had one passenger. Gisele Betancourt, just 15, and the driver and passenger of the other vehicle were killed in the accident. Erik Betancourt and his two other passengers, Julissa Ochoa and Samuel Domifilo, were transported to the hospital with serious injuries.

One month later, Daniela Perez, 14, was killed when Arnaldo Campo Romaguera, 43, lost control of his Chevy Trailblazer. Romaguera was heading west on Julia Tuttle Causeway when he lost control of the SUV carrying seven people. The SUV struck a guardrail, overturned, and landed on its roof in a grassy embankment. Perez was ejected from the vehicle, killing her instantly. She was the only fatality, though the driver and all passengers sustained injuries.

Meanwhile, in close by Tampa, a fiery head on collision left five people dead. In this crash, an SUV was traveling the wrong way on Interstate 275 when it hit a Hyundai Sonata, carrying four fraternity members from the University of South Florida in Tampa. All four Sigma Beta Rho passengers were killed, as was the driver of the SUV.

Approximately 3,000 individuals are killed on Florida roadways each year, and 30,000 perish nationally. In fact, someone is killed every 13 seconds in the U.S. With this in mind, our Miami car accident lawyers have prepared the following list of the top causes of fatal car accidents in Florida. This list is intended to help you understand the potential hazards on the roadways so that you can stay safe while driving.
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Grocery shopping is something most of us do on a weekly basis. In fact, studies show the average American will travel to the supermarket 1.7 times per week. The grocery store is a bustling place, with an average of 42,000 items on store shelves, often 50 plus employees, and many consumers rushing to fill their carts. In the midst of all this activity, falls sometimes happen. Supermarket falls have garnered national attention due to a few high profile slips.

There are two central causes of a supermarket fall: slipping or tripping. Shoppers often slip on slippery surfaces in the store, such as spilled liquid or fallen fruits that then become slippery. Trips can occur from uneven surfaces or misplaced items in the grocery store, such as mats not rolled out correctly or ill placed magazine racks.

In Florida, our Miami personal injury lawyers know that those who slip and fall in a supermarket may be able to seek compensation from the store owner for their damages stemming from the accident under premises liability law. In 2010, Florida reformed its premises liability laws, now requiring that slip and fall plaintiffs prove the store owner, or an employee, had actual or constructive knowledge of a dangerous condition and failed to remedy it. For instance, in a case involving a customer slipping on a discarded grape, the court will look to how long the grape was present (as evidenced by its coloring and cleanliness), whether employees passed through the area, and if any complaints were made as to spilled fruit, among many other factors.

Publix is the most popular grocery chain in Florida, and has been home to a number of slip and fall injuries. The following is a look at some actual cases resulting in favorable outcomes for slip and fall plaintiffs against Publix:
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The weekend of March 21, 2014 proved deadly for South Florida walkers after two adults and a child died and three other individuals were injured by car crashes. Our Miami personal injury lawyers know how these deaths have sadly become a part of South Florida’s lethal history for walkers:

• On a Friday night, in Coral Springs, two men were crossing North University Drive around 9 p.m. They were midway across when they were hit by a vehicle. Jose Gutierrez, a 22 year old young man, died instantly as a result of his injuries, while 20 year old Tyler Sanders-Nielson was airlifted to Broward Health North in Deerfield Beach with life-threatening injuries.

• Twenty-four hours later, four year old Abdallah Staih, his mother Natalie Munzer Alja’Ouni, and eight month old brother Ahmad Staih, were walking along the sidewalk on Pine Island Road in Sunrise. The two young boys were riding in a dual stroller. A driver, who was attempting to avoid collision with another vehicle, lost control and hit the family. The stroller was impacted heavily, and four year old Abdallah was killed. Abdallah’s mother and brother were sent to the hospital, were both are said to be in stable condition.

• On Sunday afternoon, 19 year old Jacqueline Elizabeth Postrel-Jambor was skateboarding in North Miami Beach along Northeast 23rd Avenue. A Ford sedan traveling on Northeast 137th Street fatally struck the young woman.
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